Santa Monica is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States. Situated on Santa Monica Bay, it is bordered on three sides by the city of Los Angeles — Pacific Palisades on the northwest, Brentwood on the north, West Los Angeles on the northeast, Mar Vista on the east, and Venice on the southeast. Santa Monica is home to executives and Hollywood celebrities amongst others and it is a mixture of affluent, single-family neighborhoods, renters, surfers, young professionals, and students. The Census Bureau 2010 population for Santa Monica is 89,736.
Santa Monica is named after Saint Monica of Hippo, from a former, turn-of-the-19th-century name for Kuruvungna Springs, now on the SE corner of the campus of University High School at Barrington and Ohio, a short distance from the eastern border of Santa Monica. The Portola Expedition visited Kuruvungna on August 3–4, 1769. Father Crespi renamed the Springs “San Gregorio”, but the expedition soldiers called them “El Berrendo” after a deer they wounded there. Later, the pair of springs began to be called “The Tears of Santa Monica” by locals because they brought to mind the weeping eyes of the saint as she cried for her erring son. The first official record of Santa Monica as a place name was on a 1827 grazing permit and then again the following year on the record of the grant for Rancho Boca de Santa Monica.
Partly because of its agreeable climate, Santa Monica had become a famed resort town by the early 20th century. The city has experienced a boom since the late 1980s through the revitalization of its downtown core with significant job growth and increased tourism.